Polymers are the only material that can act as matrices for the incorporation of the widest range of ceramics, nanotubes, nanoparticles, as well as a variety of short and continuous fibres, to create new building and structural materials. Polymer science and technology is a fast growing and dynamic area of study. With this in mind, the author has followed a multidisciplinary approach covering major contemporary advancements in the subject. Largely self-contained, the book includes all essential aspects of the topic such as: polymer nanocomposites, electrospinning, and polymers in electronic applications. It offers extensive guidance on fly-ash-based polymer composites, conducting polymers, shape memory polymers, and thermoset polymer nanocomposites. There is also a review chapter on thermoplastic elastomers based on block copolymers and dynamically cured rubber-plastic blends. Ferroelectric polymer nanocomposites, polymer-based dielectrics, organic field effect transistors, super hydrophobic polymers, and biopolymers are also extensively covered. The content has been classified into six sections of polymer materials and technology: novel polymer composites, nano polymer technology, micro-macro-nano testing and characterization of polymers, speciality polymers, bio-based and biocompatible polymer materials, and new polymer applications. The book is aimed specifically at graduate students and researchers engaged in the study of polymer science and engineering and generically at those studying mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science, and engineering, as well as related industry professionals.