The brief, successful Gulf War resulted in few casualties, but there were still recognizable pockets of trauma. This study examines the Mental Health Services available in the theater of operations, the preparations made to train the soldiers for the stress of combat, and details of how they coped with the experience of combat. It assesses the Gulf War in terms of mental health. Some attention is also given to the phenomenon named Gulf War Syndrome. The authors conclude that United States Military Forces were not prepared for the mental health requirements of combat.