This encompassing volume gathers contributions by renowned experts in the field of pediatric urology to offer a systematic and complete review of the field. The book opens with a general section covering the basis of renal function from the fetus to adulthood, diagnostic imaging, anesthesia and infections. In subsequent sections on the kidneys, upper urinary tract, bladder, urethra and genitalia, specific anomalies are described in depth, from embryological, clinical and diagnostic aspects through to surgical treatment options. Detailed attention is devoted to the role of new technologies such as endoscopic and robotic surgery, but without disregarding the classical principles of pediatric urologic surgery. Urogenital tumors are fully covered and the book closes with a large chapter on renal transplantation. Numerous black and white and color illustrations will assist the reader in better understanding the various anomalies and the surgical procedures.