This is the Proceedings of the 3rd IRBC which has the tradition of publishing the Proceedings of each conference. The timing is adequate for introducing the recent advances in the rice blast research. This time the resistance mechanism of rice against blast was the main topic, covering 23 of the 36 titles. It reflects the environment that the rice-blast interaction is becoming a model system to analyze the process of plant resistance against pathogens. Especially, many leading trials are introduced which are beginning to succeed to control the disease, and it can be a model case for interaction between the applied and basic sciences.