Rural Aquaculture is a book introducing the concept of rural aquaculture. This book focuses on the integration of the rural aquaculture with the agriculture and the production systems which are used in rural aquaculture. It aims to provide information about the concepts and approaches of aquaculture technologies and business planning and management for small-scale sustainable aquaculture. The impact of rural aquaculture on the livelihood and food security and the application of biotechnology has also been mentioned in the second half of this book. The insights about the social and economic aspects of rural aquaculture, issues and opportunities and the future aspects in rural aquaculture have been provided to the readers with the help of this book.