Emily Bronte's only published novel first appeared in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell and, with its frank depiction of vindictive and vengeful behaviour, considerably stirred the waters of polite Victorian culture. Paterson's Magazine, for example, advised its readers to 'Read Jane Eyre' but 'burn Wuthering Heights'. Bronte's novel has been more than exonerated by posterity, and is frequently declared a favourite in popular literary polls. The astonishing potency and enduring appeal of this novel were demonstrated when it lent its title and theme to an internationally-popular song in 1978, and the story has also taken the form of a ballet, a musical and an opera, among others. The book's interweaving of social, economic, supernatural and romantic themes, and its evocation of the Yorkshire moors environment, produce an utterly compelling reading experience, but Wuthering Heights is perhaps most often now identified as portraying a doomed, romantic love of absolute intensity, summed up in Catherine's dramatic declaration: 'I am Heathcliff!'.